Iran at a glance

 
     
 

Official name

Islamic Republic of Iran

Head of State

President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani

National Day

11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)

Capital

Tehran

Area

1,648,196 sq km

Land boundaries

4,137 km

Sea boundaries

2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)

River boundaries

1,918 km

Border countries

Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

Climate

Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.

Natural resources

Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

Land use (1998):

 

Arable land

300,000 sq. Km 18.2%

Meadows and pastures

900,000 sq. Km54.6%

Forest and woodland

120,000 sq. Km 7.3%

Other

258,000 sq. Km15.7%

Irrigated land

70,000 sq. Km 4.2%

Agricultural products

Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts, poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.

Population

76.03 million (2012)

Population growth rate

1.34% (2012)

Religions

Muslim99.56%

Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish 0.44%

Languages

Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic

Literacy (2011)

Total84.2%

Currency

Rial (IRR)

GDP

448.2 billion US$ (2010)

GDP per capita

6030 US$ (2010)

GDP growth rate

6.4 % (2010)

Total Imports

53451 million US $ (2012)

Total Exports

98033 million US $ (2012)

Foreign Direct Investment

4870 million US $ (2012)

Industries

Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies

Electricity

Production: 232,955 GWH (2010)

Transportation:

 

Railways networks

12000 km (2013)

Road networks

220000 km (2013)

Ports

11 commercial ports

Airports

54



 
 
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